💯 Английский язык (3) (ответы на тест Синергия / МТИ / МосАП, ноябрь 2022)

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Английский язык (3)
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Иностранный язык > Английский язык

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Английский язык (3)


... are the two main problems of Irish Travellers. // The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture, customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor, undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their language, Shelta. Many think it's a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • poverty and racism
  • a culture and acceptance
  • minority and poverty
  • racism and a culture

… you like something to eat?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Would
  • Could

… you speak Spanish before you lived in Argentina?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Could
  • Can

‘I’m climbing the career … ,’ he says. ‘I want to be a manager.’

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • a living
  • a subsidiary
  • company
  • ladder
  • move
  • office
  • opportunities
  • parent company

‘The company has its head …. in London,’ he says. ‘I study English every day because I want a job there.’

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • a living
  • a subsidiary
  • company
  • ladder
  • move
  • office
  • opportunities
  • parent company

After they ... they cleared the table.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • eat
  • have eaten
  • had eaten

All in all, the internet is here to stay and whether it … our life is up to us.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • improves or ruins
  • improved or ruined

Andres: … Viral videos can be very effective.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

Anya: … Mona: Why? Anya: Because of the budget cuts.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

Anya: Lydia, what do you think? Lydia: …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

Anya: OK, it’s ten o’clock and everyone’s here. …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

At that time, the company … interactive software for teaching history to primary school students.

Тип ответа: Множественный выбор • с выбором нескольких правильных ответов из предложенных вариантов

  • developed
  • was developing
  • has developed
  • was
  • has been

Beatta, this is Layla.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Help yourself.
  • Pleased to meet you.
  • I mean three to five per cent.
  • We’re having a great year.
  • Yes, I have. Good to see you again!
  • Thank you very much for asking but I’m afraid I can’t make it then.
  • I totally agree.

But I … management at university. My degree is in history.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • didn’t study
  • wasn’t studying
  • hasn’t studied

Can you give me a 10 per cent … if I buy in bulk?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • discount
  • delivery

Can you recommend a hotel that has meeting rooms for hire at … prices?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • reasonable
  • draught

Choose true sentence according to the text. Homemaking… // Every family needs a homemaker. Whether this is the mum or dad, or part-time from both is irrelevant. In our family, we chose the traditional role for me to stay at home, but some families choose the reverse, especially if the woman has the better-paid job. We have actually experienced both since I had to work full-time when my husband was made redundant and stayed at home for a time. The days when the person staying at home to look after the house and family was thought of as being "just a housewife" have long gone, especially now that there is a role reversal and it is sometimes the man who stays home. Nowadays there is a lot of pride in being the "homemaker". It is one of the most worthwhile careers and the rewards, although not financial, are great. The family benefits from quality time from one parent all the time.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • gave someone much freedom.
  • is hard work with long hours.
  • is beneficial for the family.

Choose true sentence according to the text. Homemaking… // Every family needs a homemaker. Whether this is the mum or dad, or part-time from both is irrelevant. In our family, we chose the traditional role for me to stay at home, but some families choose the reverse, especially if the woman has the better-paid job. We have actually experienced both since I had to work full-time when my husband was made redundant and stayed at home for a time. The days when the person staying at home to look after the house and family was thought of as being "just a housewife" have long gone, especially now that there is a role reversal and it is sometimes the man who stays home. Nowadays there is a lot of pride in being the "homemaker". It is one of the most worthwhile careers and the rewards, although not financial, are great. The family benefits from quality time from one parent all the time.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • prevented the family from having social life.
  • helped someone to pursue his/her own interests.
  • has become a worthwhile career.

Choose true sentence according to the text. Homemaking… // So, after my first baby arrived, I felt for years that I had the perfect job. I was my own boss. I could work when I wanted and have a rest when I wanted. If I didn't feel like cleaning or doing the shopping and wanted to have a day off, that was fine. Nobody else would have to be asked to cover for me, my work could wait until I was ready to do it. Oh yes, it was hard work taking care of our home and our children and the hours were long, but the work was varied and very rewarding. In fact, being a homemaker was the perfect job for me. I was absolutely happy being a housewife and mum. Watching my children thrive, witnessing their first steps, hearing their first words and all the other milestones were worth more than any amount of money.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • is hard work with long hours.
  • made for a financially difficult period.
  • is beneficial for the family.

Do you mind if I take a brochure?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Help yourself.
  • Pleased to meet you.
  • I mean three to five per cent.
  • We’re having a great year.
  • Yes, I have. Good to see you again!
  • Thank you very much for asking but I’m afraid I can’t make it then
  • I totally agree.

Every business needs accountants so there are a lot of career … for Fawaz.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • a living
  • a subsidiary
  • company
  • ladder
  • move
  • office
  • opportunities
  • parent company

Fawaz makes … as an accountant.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • a living
  • a subsidiary
  • company
  • ladder
  • move
  • office
  • opportunities
  • parent company

For business dinners with only five or six people, I like the … atmosphere of our local Japanese restaurant.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • cosy
  • medium

Give me your credit card … and I’ll send your order today

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • details
  • manufacturer

He or she will then show you how all these things, combined, play a role in choosing a career. You can also learn about a career by interviewing people who are already in that profession. Once you have all the information you need, list out all the pros and cons of that particular job. Look at the various ... .

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • alter
  • alternatives

He works in the Finance Department of a multinational engineering …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • a living
  • a subsidiary
  • company
  • ladder
  • move
  • office
  • opportunities
  • parent company

He’s hoping for a big career … : a job in the UK.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • a living
  • a subsidiary
  • company
  • ladder
  • move
  • office
  • opportunities
  • parent company

Hello, this is Darren speaking. … I help you?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Would
  • Can

How do you feel about Duncan’s suggestion?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Help yourself.
  • Pleased to meet you.
  • I mean three to five per cent
  • We’re having a great year.
  • Yes, I have. Good to see you again!
  • Thank you very much for asking but I’m afraid I can’t make it then
  • I totally agree.

How’s business?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Help yourself.
  • Pleased to meet you.
  • I mean three to five per cent.
  • We’re having a great year.
  • Yes, I have. Good to see you again!
  • Thank you very much for asking but I’m afraid I can’t make it then.
  • I totally agree.

I … a manager for the past ten years.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • was
  • have been

I … a very difficult day tomorrow. I need to prepare for the exam.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • will have
  • have
  • having

I ... for a whole hour!

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • am waiting
  • have been waiting
  • was waiting

I … for the same company for my entire career and I couldn’t be happier with my job.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • worked
  • was working
  • have worked

I ... here all my life.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • have lived
  • am living
  • have living

I … to the cinema but my friend persuaded me to stay.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • am not going
  • did not go
  • was going

I ….. in Novgorod for three months and I'm enjoying life here very much.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • have been
  • was
  • am
  • had been

I don’t print most e-mails because my company is trying to … waste in the office.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • reduce
  • raise

I had a very heavy … last month but this month it isn’t too bad.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • work
  • workload

I have a family and a lot of interests outside of work. Overall, my quality of … is really good.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic

I have a small, comfortable office in my home and I really like being in control of my working …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic

I hope Kate is coming soon. I ... for two hours.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • am waiting
  • had been waiting
  • have been waiting

I never drink wine or beer at a business dinner. In fact, I always just order … water.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • alcohol-free
  • tap

I'm living in a small Hotel at the moment, but I …. to a flat next week. I've asked a friend of mine to share it with me.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • am moving
  • move
  • moved
  • have moved

I've been working as a manager since I …. and I find It really interesting.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • arrive
  • arrives
  • arrived
  • will arrive

I’m a freelance accountant and bookkeeper for small businesses so obviously I meet a … that every business has.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic

If I have an important … to meet, I often start work at 8:00 in the morning and finish at 8:00 at night.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic

In a real life situation it is not easy to start speaking with a complete stranger, a person in power or a child. The internet … your age, class and looks.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • hides
  • hide

In the past the Irish Travellers went around by ... in caravans. // The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture, customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor, undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their language, Shelta. Many think it's a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • horse-drawn wagon
  • foot
  • camels

Irish Travellers have mobile homes pulled ... now. // The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture, customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor, undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their language, Shelta. Many think it's a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • horses
  • camels
  • by motor vehicles

It … outside; I do not like to walk in such weather.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • rains
  • is raining
  • is rain

It’s raining. … you like to borrow my umbrella?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Can
  • Would

Listen! Is that Alicia playing? She … play the piano very well!

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • would
  • can

Liz, have you met Dmitri?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Help yourself.
  • Pleased to meet you.
  • I mean three to five per cent.
  • We’re having a great year.
  • Yes, I have. Good to see you again!
  • Thank you very much for asking but I’m afraid I can’t make it then
  • I totally agree.

Lunch meetings need to be very quick so I always choose a restaurant that I know will have … service.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • efficient
  • local

Manufacturing companies now do more to … the environment than they did in the past.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • extend
  • protect

Mona: But a viral video lasts longer. And we definitely want to reach the younger end of the market. Andres: Why do we have to choose one or the other? …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

Most supermarkets offer a … scheme with reward points.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • warehouse
  • loyalty card

My train leaves at 6:00 so I … be at the station before 5:50.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • mustn’t
  • don’t need to

Our … profit is lower this year because sales are down.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • return
  • net

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (1). // HUMAN RIGHTS DAY On 10 December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a (1) ... standard for defending and promoting human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration which states that "Human beings are born with (2) ... rights and fundamental freedoms". In 2006, Human Rights Day focused on (3) ... poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity. Poverty is (4) ... by human rights violations. The links between human rights and poverty should be obvious: people whose rights are (5) ... are more likely to be poor. Generally they find it harder or impossible to participate in the labour market and have little or no access to (6) ... services and resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many societies cannot enjoy their rights to education, health and housing simply (7) ... they cannot afford them. And poverty affects all human rights: for example, low income can prevent people from accessing education, which in turn inhibits their participation in public life and their ability to influence the policies affecting them. Governments and those in a position of authority must (8) ... responsibility for dealing with poverty. The realisation of human rights — including the fight against poverty — is a duty, not a mere aspiration.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • whole
  • universal
  • complete
  • typical

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (2). // WIND ENERGY Every day you can see the wind blowing and watch all of that wasted energy just floating away. A lot of energy is thought to be (1) ... and all you need to use it are a few wind turbines! Currently less than 1% of the Earth's energy needs are (2) ... by wind, with Denmark being the most wind-friendly producing 23% of its own energy needs from wind. The energy produced is totally clean and also one of the (3) ... around and it is able to produce (4) ... 18 times more energy than is consumed in its construction, (5) ... nuclear which is estimated at around five. People are often worried about the look of wind farms but what they often forget is that the land can still (6) ... for farming, with only 1% of the space being taken up by the wind turbines. One of the biggest (7) ... about wind turbines, is their effect on bats and birds. In Norway, nine out of ten sea eagles were killed by turbines. Bats too are a serious problem. Even the manufacturers of wind turbines are (8). concerned by the numbers of bats being. killed, prompting ongoing research.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • supplied
  • hardest
  • distributed

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (3). // HUMAN RIGHTS DAY On 10 December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a (1) ... standard for defending and promoting human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration which states that "Human beings are born with (2) ... rights and fundamental freedoms". In 2006, Human Rights Day focused on (3) ... poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity. Poverty is (4) ... by human rights violations. The links between human rights and poverty should be obvious: people whose rights are (5) ... are more likely to be poor. Generally they find it harder or impossible to participate in the labour market and have little or no access to (6) ... services and resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many societies cannot enjoy their rights to education, health and housing simply (7) ... they cannot afford them. And poverty affects all human rights: for example, low income can prevent people from accessing education, which in turn inhibits their participation in public life and their ability to influence the policies affecting them. Governments and those in a position of authority must (8) ... responsibility for dealing with poverty. The realisation of human rights — including the fight against poverty — is a duty, not a mere aspiration.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • fighting
  • saving
  • encouraging
  • breaking

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (8). // WIND ENERGY Every day you can see the wind blowing and watch all of that wasted energy just floating away. A lot of energy is thought to be (1) ... and all you need to use it are a few wind turbines! Currently less than 1% of the Earth's energy needs are (2) ... by wind, with Denmark being the most wind-friendly producing 23% of its own energy needs from wind. The energy produced is totally clean and also one of the (3) ... around and it is able to produce (4) ... 18 times more energy than is consumed in its construction, (5) ... nuclear which is estimated at around five. People are often worried about the look of wind farms but what they often forget is that the land can still (6) ... for farming, with only 1% of the space being taken up by the wind turbines. One of the biggest (7) ... about wind turbines, is their effect on bats and birds. In Norway, nine out of ten sea eagles were killed by turbines. Bats too are a serious problem. Even the manufacturers of wind turbines are (8). concerned by the numbers of bats being. killed, prompting ongoing research.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • deeply
  • badly
  • wrongly
  • sadly

Read the texts and match them with the headings. There is one extra title. // Every family needs a homemaker. Whether this is the mum or dad, or part-time from both is irrelevant. In our family, we chose the traditional role for me to stay at home, but some families choose the reverse, especially if the woman has the better-paid job. We have actually experienced both since I had to work full-time when my husband was made redundant and stayed at home for a time. The days when the person staying at home to look after the house and family was thought of as being "just a housewife" have long gone, especially now that there is a role reversal and it is sometimes the man who stays home. Nowadays there is a lot of pride in being the "homemaker". It is one of the most worthwhile careers and the rewards, although not financial, are great. The family benefits from quality time from one parent all the time.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • THE PERFECT JOB
  • NEVER BORED
  • EXHAUSTING FOR ALL
  • MONEY OR TIME?
  • A ROLE REVERSAL

Read the texts and match them with the headings. There is one extra title. // So, after my first baby arrived, I felt for years that I had the perfect job. I was my own boss. I could work when I wanted and have a rest when I wanted. If I didn't feel like cleaning or doing the shopping and wanted to have a day off, that was fine. Nobody else would have to be asked to cover for me, my work could wait until I was ready to do it. Oh yes, it was hard work taking care of our home and our children and the hours were long, but the work was varied and very rewarding. In fact, being a homemaker was the perfect job for me. I was absolutely happy being a housewife and mum. Watching my children thrive, witnessing their first steps, hearing their first words and all the other milestones were worth more than any amount of money.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • THE PERFECT JOB
  • NEVER BORED
  • EXHAUSTING FOR ALL
  • MONEY OR TIME?

Right now, he works in … in Bahrain. He works hard because he wants a promotion. ‘I need more experience’ he says.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • a living
  • a subsidiary
  • company
  • ladder
  • move
  • opportunities

So when I … university, I … a job in IT.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • have finished, has taken
  • was finishing, was taking
  • finished, took

The biggest concern about people using the internet is … addicted to it.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • getting
  • got

The food that Ann is cooking in the kitchen … deli¬cious.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • is smelling
  • smelt
  • smells
  • will smell

There’s usually a 14-day cooling-off … for financial products.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • period
  • supplier

They were called Tinkers, which is now ... for them. // The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture, customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor, undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their language, Shelta. Many think it's a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • terms
  • a name
  • a title

This hap¬pens because computers … to com¬pensate for feelings of loneliness, marital and work problems, poor social life, and financial problems.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • are used
  • use

This is the emergency exit so we … put a desk in front of it.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • shouldn’t
  • don’t have to

This is the employees’ car park so don’t park here. Visitors … park in the visitors’ car park.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • have to
  • shouldn’t

This usually happens near the end of the tax year. Fortunately, I don’t work twelve hours every day all year long – I’m not a …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic

We … be late for the meeting with the CEO!

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • don’t have to
  • mightn’t

We ... for a walk when it ... raining.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • will go, will stop
  • are going, will stop
  • will go, stops

We don’t know whether or not a viral video will reach our market but we know that print ads do and they give us instant national publicity. …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

We don’t want to spend too much time getting to the conference venue so let’s choose somewhere with a … location.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • vintage
  • convenient

We end up more .. ... than we were at the beginning.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • confused
  • confuse

We give customers a full … if they return an unused product within 30 days.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • guarantee
  • refund

We still ... life on other planets.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • didn't discover
  • won't discover
  • hadn't discovered

We usually do print ads in the national newspapers but Mona has suggested a viral video on the Internet instead. …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We … for more than 24 hours.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • have travelled
  • had been travelling
  • were travelling

We’re offering interest-free … this month for first-time buyers.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • stock
  • credit

Welcome, marketing team, and thank you for the hard work you’ve put in recently. …

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • I suppose we could do that.
  • I think we should definitely have print ads.
  • Can we start, please?
  • I’m afraid that’s out of the question.
  • Andres, what do you think?
  • The main purpose of this meeting is to finalise our marketing strategy.
  • It might be a good idea to do both.
  • Mmm, I don’t know.

What do you mean by a slight pay increase?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Help yourself.
  • Pleased to meet you.
  • I mean three to five per cent.
  • We’re having a great year.
  • Yes, I have. Good to see you again!
  • Thank you very much for asking but I’m afraid I can’t make it then.
  • I totally agree.

When a company announces good results, often its … price increases.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • share
  • turnover

When a job comes along, I have to take advantage of the … and accept the work, even if I’m already busy.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic

When I tell people what I do, they often say, ‘Oh, I guess you love the freelance … !

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic

While I … on my degree, I … interested in computer software, specifically in interactive software for teaching.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • worked, became
  • was working, became
  • has worked, has become

While Tom … a book, Marhta … TV.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • was reading, watched
  • was reading, was watching
  • read, watched
  • read, was watching

Would you like to have dinner with us next Friday evening?

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • Help yourself.
  • Pleased to meet you.
  • I mean three to five per cent.
  • We’re having a great year.
  • Yes, I have. Good to see you again!
  • Thank you very much for asking but I’m afraid I can’t make it then.
  • I totally agree.

You … learn some Japanese if you’re going to do business in Japan.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • should
  • shouldn’t

You can work whenever you choose!’ I usually just smile and agree but, actually, for a freelancer, finding the right work–life … is difficult.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

  • balance
  • deadline
  • environment
  • life
  • lifestyle
  • need
  • opportunity
  • workaholic
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