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Take a minute to look around the room you are in and notice how many things are made out of paper. There may be books, a few magazines, some printer paper, and perhaps a poster on the wall. Yet, if you consider that each person in the United States uses 749 pounds of paper every year (adding up to a whopping 187 billion pounds per year for the entire population, by far the largest per capita consumption rate of paper for any country in the world), then you realize that paper comes in many more forms than meets the eye.
The fact is, world consumption of paper has grown four hundred percent in the last 40 years. Now nearly 4 billion trees or 35 % of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent. Besides what you can see around you, paper comes in many forms fr om tissue paper to cardboard packaging, to stereo speakers, to electrical plugs, to home insulation, to the sole inserts in your tennis shoes. In short, paper is everywhere.
So where does it come from? Most people can guess that trees are the staple of any paper product. But did you know that until the middle of the 19th century, the main ingredient of paper was cloth rag? And while trees have since become a vital component in the creation of paper, many manufacturers today are beginning to use recycled waste combined with tree pulp to decrease the number of trees that need to be cut down and keep up with the growing demand for paper. Also, many environmentalists who believe that the worlds forests are being cut down faster than they can grow are pointing to the continued success of wood-free paper made with
other plants such as hemp and a similarly fibrous plant called kenaf.
Following is a brief histo