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I. Прочтите текст и письменно ответьте на вопросы, следующие, за ним.
In the number of population (57,1 mln - 1990) Great Britain holds one of the first places among the European countries. Britain ranks fourteenth in the world in terms of population. The English make up over 4/5 of the total population of the country. The proportion of the Scotsmen, Welshmen and Irishmen is about 15 per cent, this group including foreigners too.
The most intensive growth of the population of Great Britain took place in the 19th century, when the number of the inhabitants increased from 9 million to 38 million, despite mass emigration (mainly of the ruined peasants and the unemployed of the towns).
The country as a whole has a population density of about 233 people per square kilometre (1989), but in England proper - 363 people per square kilometre. The most highly populated regions are mostly the industrial districts. In some of them the density reaches 1,000 and even more people per one square kilometre.
The birth rates declined from 18 live births per 1,000 population in4 1965 to 13,6 in 1989. The main reason of this is associated with the social conditions in the country: the growth of unemployment, deterioration of the living standards, social tension, expensive housing, lack of pre-school institutions, etc. So there is a substantial fall in the natural increase of the population, the mortality rate remaining more or less stable, about 12 per 1,000 population.
The main feature of the changing age structure is the increasing number of elderly people. The lot of the elderly people in Britain is a serious social problem.
Marriage trends since the 1930s have been towards a higher proportion of people marrying and an earlier age patte
. The average age for t