конт раб 2 вариант 3 текст Electric automobiles грамматика всего 6 заданий

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кр 2 вар3 elect autom.doc
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3 Окт 2012 в 15:40
Описание
Контрольная работа №2
Вариант 3
Задание I. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из низ глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций:
1. Benz was granted a patent for his automobile on 29 January 1886. -
2. Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart in 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile, rathe than a horse-drawn carriage fitted with an engine.
3.Breakdowns were frequent, fuel was difficult to obtain, roads suitable for travelling were scarce.
Задание 2. Перепишите следующие предложения подчеркните Participle 1 и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите является ли оно определением, обстоятельством, или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.The Brazilian industry in regulated by the Associacao Nacional dos Fabricantes was created in 1956, which includes automakers and agriculture machines with factories in Brazil.
2.Driven by the demands of World War 1, Canadas automotive industry had grown, by 1923, into the second-largest in the world. -

Задание 3. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык:
1.The vehicles will be able to communicate with each other, exchanging data on speed and orientation. –
2.This control system could increase safety for nearby vehicles. – .
3.A driver mustnt break the rules of traffic . –
Задание 4. Выберите два слова - синонима, которые похожи по значению выделенного слова и переведите предложения с предложенными словами на русский язык.
1.Early attempts at making and using inte
al combustion engines were hampered bv the lack of suitable fuels.
a) impeded b)made difficulties с) increased

Early attempts at making and using inte
al combustion engines were impeded bv the lack of suitable fuels.
The lack of suitable fuels made difficulties to early attempts at making and using inte
al combustion engines -

2. Benz was granted a patent for his automobile on 29 January 1886
a) gratefulness b) gratuity c) allowance
Benz was granted a gratuity for his automobile on 29 January 1886.
Benz was granted an allowance for his automobile on 29 January 1886.
3. Soon after, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart in 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile, rather than a horse-drawn carriage fitted with an engine.
a) body b)car с) coach
Soon after, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart in 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile , rather than a horse-drawn coach fitted with an engine.
Soon after, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart in 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile , rather than a horse-drawn car fitted with an engine.

Задание 5.Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык нижеследующий текст:
Electric automobiles
Early attempts at making and using inte
al combustion engines were hampered by the lack of suitable fuels, particularly liquids, and the earliest engines used gas mixtures. Early experimenters using gasses included, in 1806, Swiss engineer Francois Isaac de Rivaz who built an inte
al combustion engine powered by a hydrogen and oxygen mixture.
About 1870, in Vienna, Austria , inventor Siegfried Marcus put a liquid-fueled inte
al combustion engine on a simple handcart which made him the first man to propel a vehicle by means of gasoline. Today, this car is known as "the first Marcus car".
It is generally acknowledged that the first really practical automobiles with petrol/gasoline-powered inte
al combustion engines were completed almost simultaneously by several German inventors working independently. Karl Benz built his first automobile in 1885 in Mannheim. Benz was granted a patent for his automobile on 29 January 1886, and began the first production of automobiles in 1888, after Bertha Benz, his wife, had proved with the first long-distance trip in August 1888 - from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back - that the horseless coach was absolutely suitable for daily use.
Soon after, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart in 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile, rather than a horse-drawn carriage fitted with an engine. One of the first four-wheeled petrol-driven automobiles in Britain was built in Birmingham in 1895 by Frederick William Lanchester, who also patented the disc brake and the first electric starter, was installed on an A
old, in a copy of the Benz Velo, built between 1895 and 1898.

Задание 6. Составьте 5 альтернативных вопросов к содержанию прочитанного текста.
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